The HTML Language
The Computer Language Used to Create Web Sites
HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, and the current version used in today’s web industry is HTML Version 5.0.
The first thing to understand about the HTML language is the TAGS. What is a TAG? A tag is used to tell the computer what to do. Once you understand how to make a TAG using brackets, everything else falls into place fairly easily. When you are writing in HTML code, a left bracket, <, means you are starting a tag. A right bracket, >, means you are ending a tag. The words that you put in between the brackets makes the computer take an action. Some actions include starting a web page, starting a paragraph, bolding a word, making a link, or changing the color of the font.
For example, there is a tag that looks like this:
The above tag is an opening tag that tells the computer you are starting a web page. It says to the computer: “START A WEB PAGE”.
When you are done creating your web page, at the end of the document you would write a closing tag. Closing tags are signified with a forward slash /:
The closing tag tells the computer: “END THE WEB PAGE”.
SO EVERY TAG has an opening <tag> and a closing </tag> to tell the computer when to start doing something, and when to stop doing something. It is the foundation of the language, and if you grasp this concept, you are on your way to understanding HTML!
Here is a total list of tags that are used in a web page: http://www.w3schools.com/tags/default.asp
Applying Your Knowledge
Below is all of the code required to create a simple web page.
<h1>This is a Heading</h1>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
Visit the below web site to play with the code in order to see how the computer understands the tags, and how you can tell it what to do using HTML Tags:
Go to your weebly site and right click on your page, choose ‘View source’. The computer will show you the html language that it is using in order to create your web site. Look at all of that language in all of those brackets! But it still has the same simple structure of the above example, doesn’t it?